San José, Costa Rica, since 1956
Architecture in Chepe

'Impossible to stop' construction of polemic legislative building, says Assembly president

Demolitions are paving the way for construction of the new Legislative Assembly building in downtown San José, and there now seems to be no turning back from a project that has generated waves of criticism from area architects and residents.

Legislative Assembly President Rafael Ortíz told The Tico Times Monday that all the bureaucratic and legal obstacles required to proceed with the building’s construction will be finalized within the next week. Recent approvals from the Culture Ministry, which ultimately halted architect Javier Salinas’ first proposal in 2014, and the Secretary General of the National Technical Secretariat of the Environment Ministry (SETENA) have cleared the way for construction, which is supposed to begin in September.

“Now that all the legal permissions are secured and the bank loans are set, it’s impossible to stop this,” Ortíz said. He added that Salinas’ firm is awaiting one final green light from the Federated Association of Engineers and Architects (CFIA) before the project is officially a go.

“Well, this is Costa Rica so I guess anything could happen,” he clarified. “But we have every indication to say we’ll be moving forward with this project very soon.”

The new Legislative Assembly, which will be located at the intersection of Calle 15 and Central Avenue between the current assembly building and the National Museum, has faced constant backlash since Salinas was awarded the project in a competition in January 2013. The initial plan of two, overlapping horizontal structures was shot down by the Culture Ministry’s Heritage Conservation Center because it would have threatened historical buildings in the area.

The modifications made in a 2015 redesign called for a 17-story vertical tower made of concrete walls.

An artist’s rendering of the proposed building for the Legislative Assembly in San José.

(Javier Salinas Arquitectos e Ingenieros Consultores Asociados S.A.)

William Monge, director of the Heritage Conservation Center, told The Tico Times in a sit-down interview last week that his department was unable to interfere with the project this time around because legally the second design doesn’t affect the neighboring buildings designated as heritage sites.

“The second proposal is being built on land that is not a heritage site, so our involvement was only to observe that the new building will not effect the heritage site in front [of the proposed building],” Monge said, in reference to the National Museum.

But opponents of the building have said the 17-story mass of concrete will block off views of adjacent buildings, as well as of the mountains that ring the Central Valley. They have also echoed functionality and price concerns voiced by local architects, including the lack of windows and apparent lack of air circulation, which they say could result in high electricity bills.

Monge, a former architect, said he’s well aware of the criticism that has bombarded the project since its onset. But he said the Heritage Center cannot legally challenge it based on aesthetic value or blocked views.

“In the cosmetic aspect, we don’t have the legal capacity to intervene,” he said. “It doesn’t matter if we like it or not, or if it’s very tall. We, as the government, as the ones in charge of heritage conservation, can only go as far as the law allows.”

Salinas defends his design

During an April 14 meeting at San José’s Veritas University, architects and former professors of Salinas, the new building’s designer, expressed strong doubts about the project. Bruno Stagno, a Costa Rican architect who said he once failed Salinas in a class, told his one-time pupil that the wall of concrete and lack of ventilation will lead to overheating inside the building, while also not allowing in enough natural sunlight.

Demolitions have commenced on the Calle 15 and Central Avenue intersection in downtown San José to open up space for the new Legislative Assembly building.

Lindsay Fendt/The Tico Times

Salinas responded with a public statement last week, saying those concerns have been addressed since the beginning through scientific testing from international experts and the project’s supervising company Novatecnia.

“The reality is that the construction plans have already been submitted and show technical details that reveal the manner in which the project will be acceptable in a bioclimatic way,” Salinas wrote in the release. “That’s why I have taken a base evaluation from an international expert in bioclimatic design, whose analysis was used to complete the plans, as well as organizations like the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers which recognize the thermic control benefits of using concrete walls.”

However, no statistics have been made public and Salinas said last week that he is still waiting to release all the details of the project.

Critics of the new design, like city councilwoman Marité Valenzuela, have said both Salinas and the Legislative Assembly have been overly secretive with the project’s progress ever since the second proposal began to go through the legal requirements. She said this perceived withholding of information was “unconstitutional.”

The first design for the new Legislative Assembly building failed to gain approval from the Culture Ministry’s Heritage Conservation Center.

(Courtesy of Legislative Assembly)

But Legislative Assembly President Ortíz said any criticisms of working under the table with this project are unfounded.

“I sincerely don’t see how that’s possible considering we had news conferences and formal announcements, on top of telling people where the building was going to be and trying to get people interested in it,” he said.

Ortíz said getting a new building for the Legislative Assembly is critical because the Health Ministry has declared some of the current buildings uninhabitable. Meanwhile, the government spends $3 million annually on rent and upkeep for the buildings, he said.

Plus, the legislature’s current setup, which has members and support staff spread out in various buildings across the eastern edge of downtown San José, constantly hinders lawmakers’ abilities to do their jobs, Ortíz said.

Before Salinas’ original design was nixed by the Heritage Center, Ortíz said legislators were almost unanimously in support of it.

“It reflects what Costa Rica is a lot of times, when everyone in the government seems to be on board with something, but one hangup, like in this case with the Heritage Center, can put a stop to the whole process,” he said of the first proposal.

That initial design remains on the portfolio section of Salinas’ web site with an interesting, almost foreboding tagline given the redesign. It says in Spanish: “Verticality isn’t democracy.”

A subsequent graphic then promises: “A building for the people, not for the government.”

Contact Michael Krumholtz at

Comments are closed.

Gustavo Martín Fernández

Verdaderamente es preocupante como en nuestro país se burlan de la opinión de la mayoría, este proyecto ha sido polémico desde un principio, para mì la culpa la tiene en gran parte nuestro CFIA que no tubo la fortaleza de no aprobar el proyecto cuestionado por muchos y que ya de antemano nos ha costado una suma desproporcionada con relación a su costo original.

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Ana María Morales

Isn’t it absolutely contradictory with Democracy and the legislative persons being the representatives of the people, to have a building WITHOUT WINDOWS?

This sends a wrong message to the country. Transparency and connection with the people that elected them is symbolized by a more open design.

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This proposal for a 17-story building with concrete walls, and no doubt a massive reinforced concrete foundation, continues the massive carbon footprint tradition of Costa Rican architecture and building construction. A building that would be carbon neutral would be made of engineered wood. It could be 17 stories high, but being only a small proportion of the weight, could have a much less massive foundation, while being more seismically safe than the current proposal. Natural ventilation could be incorporated through incorporation of abundant windows, which would reduce cooling and lighting costs to a fraction of this current monster proposal. For information on modern wood engineering building possibilities, including tall buildings, consult While the only modern wood utilization facility producing materials that could be used in a 17-story wood structure is Maderas Cultivadas de Costa Rica, with state-of-the-art processing facilitities located on Ruta 35 north of Muelle de San Carlos that uses small-diameter wood produced in sustainable plantations. The Legislative Assembly has this opportunity to make Costa Rica a regional leader in innovative low-carbon-footprint structural design.

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What a shameless plug.

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Ken Morris

Well, the architect does have a vision, just not one that many others get or affirm.

Weird that the project can’t be stopped and proceed to round three. although that’s not the worst thing in the world. There are lots of concrete block buildings in Costa Rica.

I too would prefer to see a third design, but as said, it’s not the biggest issue confronting the country. And who knows, after a little grafitti shows up on the walls, this might not be all bad.

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Daniel Bizier

Every architect must have a vision for his project. his project should make some kind of statement.
What vision and statement does Salinis have for his building?
Is he trying to duplicate a construction concrete block? If so he has succeeded.
This is an ugly monstrosity and eyesore.
Please Costa Rica Stop this project immediately.
It will be an embarrassment for San Jose if built

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Oscar Raul Hernández Vargas

El diputado Rafael Ortiz con sus palabras está asumiendo una responsabilidad de la que no se imagina las consecuencias nefastas para la institución, su partido, la ciudad y la democracia. Quedará como el Presidente del Directorio Legislativo responsable de haber aprobado semejante error y no haberle importado la opinión pública.

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Mark Kahle

Let’s get real.

Costa Rica is the home to a medium sized cities population. It is not more than that. While it is indeed a wonderful country it has very finite resources. To use those resources on the Assembly Building is the height of stupidity and arrogance. There is no real need. The Government is too big now. Will we be getting more Assemblymen?

Again, waste is waste regardless of ego.

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President Solís to the people: It doesn’t matter what you think, or want, the only choice you have is wether we shove this down your throat, or up your @ss, and you are going to pay for it!

(When it comes to this bad idea, the reason “Prostitute Solís” panties are around his ankles, is no different than the reason any prostitute wears their panties around their ankles, because it benefits them to).

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As the saying goes, “You can put lipstick on a pig, but it’s still a pig.” That monolithic imposing box is the most hideous design for ANY building I have ever seen in my 60+ years of traveling the globe. Even the highly secured near windowless buildings for IT “cloud” facilities are not that ugly. What size of kickbacks are CR’s leaders getting to embrace something so inconsistent with the beauty of your country? Why would President Solis impose such a monstrosity on Ticos for decades to come? But then, another saying goes, “Follow the money, ALWAYS follow the money.”

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