San José, Costa Rica, since 1956

Wildfires destroy thousands of hectares of protected areas, private lands

Firefighters are battling to extinguish at least six wildfires in the central and northern Pacific as well as in the country’s northern inland region.

The largest active fire has already consumed more than 1,500 hectares of wetlands in Los Chiles, north of Alajuela. The fire has burned through both private lands and protected areas in the hard-to-access region along the border between Costa Rica and Nicaragua.

Since Sunday, firefighters have been focused on extinguishing a wildfire inside Guanacaste National Park that has destroyed more than 900 hectares.

The fire began last Tuesday and was almost controlled on Wednesday, but strong winds revived the blaze.

Firefighter crews are taking turns to keep up the fight around the clock, as smaller fires are also affecting open areas in the Puntarenas cantons of Garabito, Paquera and Cóbano as well as Orotina in Alajuela.

Firefighters sent a helicopter bucket, called a Bambi Bucket, however strong winds along most of the Pacific region have prevented it from flying in certain areas.

There have been a total of 61 wildfires in Costa Rica since the beginning of the year, two less than during the same period last year, according to the National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC).

Luis Diego Román Madriz, coordinator of SINAC’s National Commission on Wildfires, said 30 of the fires have occurred inside protected areas. More than 1,100 hectares of protected areas have been burned and a large number of wild animals killed, according to a recent report.

Farmers in Guanacaste are struggling to feed their cattle as fires have consumed several hectares of grassland.

Officers from the Public Security Ministry’s Air Surveillance Service will conduct overflights in the most affected areas to monitor and evaluate damage. Flights mainly will be over the Guanacaste National Park and wetlands in the northern cantons of Upala and Los Chiles.

The provinces with the most wildfires so far this year are Puntarenas with 20, San José with 13 and Alajuela with eight.

Román asked the population to avoid lighting fires in open spaces, as the effects of an El Niño weather phenomenon are increasing temperatures and wind gusts in several areas of the country.

Firefighters are hoping weather conditions allow them to send the Bambi Bucket unit again. They’re also taking measurements to determine total affected area.

The National Meteorological Institute (IMN) reported Sunday that strong winds along most of the Pacific region will be present at least during the first three days of this week.

The current wildfire season began on Jan. 15 and according to IMN forecasts, extreme weather conditions likely will continue in the coming months due to El Niño.

Forest Firefighters found many dead animals at Caño Negro wildlife refuge, in Costa Rica’s northern zone.

(Courtesy of SINAC)

Contact L. Arias at

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Based on what I have been told by local Ticos, farmers set fires to clear their lands for the upcoming planting season and non-farmers in the central valley burn the tall dead grass on their property instead of manually clearing the land to save money. Mr. Arias, I noticed you have written a number of articles about wildfires for the Tico Times the last few years. In your next article, could you address the issue of people starting fires without criminal intent that get out of control? Obviously setting a fire with the intent to harm a person or property is a crime under Costa Rican law, but can someone get a permit from a government authority to burn trash or clear dead grass from their land? What is the penalty for starting a fire without such a permit? What about the problem of air polution caused by the fires being set? What does the Environment Ministry have to say about this issue? I see multiple grass fires on a daily bssis in the central valley and wonder why people do it and the environmental harm it causes.

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I don’t know yet what CR’s Natural Resources policies are, but the US government regularly burns underbrush in controlled burns in an effort to reduce the risk of lightning induced wild fires that quickly get out of control. In fact, several “controlled” burns morphed into uncontrolled fires due to poor weather forecasts that did not account for sudden high wind conditions. Farmers the world over have always burned last season’s harvest remnants and new wild grasses in preparation for planting new crops. It is purportedly good for the soil and new crops. The amount of air pollution from controlled burns pales in comparison to global volcano emissions from all over the world including Costa Rica….as well as from huge lightning induced wild fires when underbrush is not controlled.

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All good points. I would like to see some reporting by Tico Times on this issue with interviews of government officials. Good discussion.

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Marilyn Cole

Devastating news

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