Liberty Reserve founder Arthur Budovsky pleads guilty to money laundering charges

May 9, 2016

Arthur Budovsky Belanchuk, 42, the founder of the Costa Rica-based cyber-currency operation Liberty Reserve pleaded guilty to one charge of conspiring to run a money laundering operation, the U.S. Department of Justice announced last Friday.

The Ukranian-born Budovsky, who obtained Costa Rican citizenship after marrying a San José empanada vendor in 2008, pleaded guilty before U.S. District Judge Denise L. Cote in Manhattan on charges of operating from 2006 to 2013 a virtual currency used by cyber-criminals around the world to launder more than $6 billion in proceeds that often were generated from illegal activity, U.S. authorities allege. The operation was shut down by the U.S. government in May 2013, and Budovsky was arrested in Spain.

Investigations determined that the Costa Rica-based Liberty Reserve handled some five million accounts worldwide. Budovsky was among seven people charged when U.S. federal authorities announced they had shut down what was described as one of the world’s biggest money laundering schemes.

Budovsky’s sentencing is scheduled for May 6, and he faces a maximum sentence of 20 years in prison for conspiring to commit money laundering.

Co-defendants Vladimir Kats, Azzeddine El Amine, Mark Marmilev and Maxim Chukharev, already pleaded guilty. Marmilev and Chukharev were sentenced to five and three years in prison, respectively.  Kats and El Amine await sentencing, and charges against two more defendants who are at large remain pending, the Department of Justice stated.

Seventeen companies cooperated in the probe of the cyber-fraud scheme, according to U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara.

The fraud scheme

The scheme worked as an online money exchange that used its own virtual currency, known as the Liberty Reserve, or “LR,” to provide anonymous payment processing services for online customers who were able to open an account anonymously using nothing more than an email address. Unlike similar services such as Bitcoin, LR did not have a public ledger and it quickly became a haven for cyber-criminals all over the world.

In a statement, Assistant Attorney General Leslie R. Caldwell last week said that after a prior conviction for operating an unlicensed money transmitting business, “Budovsky developed Liberty Reserve, which quickly became a premier service used by criminals around the world to launder their criminal proceeds.”

Budovsky also held a U.S. citizenship that he renounced in 2011 to live in Costa Rica in an effort to escape the reach of U.S. law enforcement, following a previous conviction in 2006 to five years in prison for engaging in the business of transmitting money without a license. That sentence was reduced to probation.

To obtain his Costa Rican citizenship, Budovsky married a street vendor who used to sell empanadas on a sidewalk near the Immigration Administration in San José. That woman has publicly said that Budovsky’s lawyer convinced her to marry the Ukrainian-born U.S. man in exchange for ₡200,000 ($360).

Budovsky was arrested in Spain in May 2013 as part of a money laundering investigation conducted jointly by police agencies in the U.S., Costa Rica and several other countries. That same year, Costa Rican Judicial Investigation Police conducted raids at Budovsky’s properties in the San José area and seized vehicles worth more than $1 million, including four Rolls-Royces, a Mercedes Benz and a motorcycle.

In February 2014, Spanish officials approved Budovsky’s extradition to the U.S. that occurred in October that year.

Facebook Comments

You may be interested

Costa Rican immigration officials detained, released by Nicaragua
News
562 views
News
562 views

Costa Rican immigration officials detained, released by Nicaragua

Alejandro Zúñiga - November 20, 2018

A potentially tense international situation was resolved amicably Monday evening after two Costa Rican Immigration Administration officials were apparently detained…

This week in the Peace Corps: The Trodden Twins (Part 2)
Changemakers
439 views
Changemakers
439 views

This week in the Peace Corps: The Trodden Twins (Part 2)

Zane H. and Alex H. / Peace Corps Volunteers - November 20, 2018

Identical twins Zane and Alex H. tell their stories of volunteering with the Peace Corps. Read Part 1 of this…

Thousands evacuated in Guatemala as volcano erupts, then stops
Central America
849 views
Central America
849 views

Thousands evacuated in Guatemala as volcano erupts, then stops

AFP - November 20, 2018

Guatemalan authorities declared a red alert and evacuated around 4,000 people Monday after the Fuego volcano erupted for the fifth…