San José, Costa Rica, since 1956
Adios Uncle Sam

Americans living abroad set record for giving up citizenship

WASHINGTON D.C. — More Americans living outside the United States gave up their citizenship in the first quarter of 2015 than ever before, according to data released Thursday by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

The 1,335 expatriations topped the previous record by 18 percent, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Those Americans are driven to turn in their passports in part because of laws that have expanded bank reporting and tax compliance requirements for expatriates.

The increase in early 2015 follows an annual record in 2014, when 3,415 Americans gave up their citizenship.

An estimated 6 million U.S. citizens are living abroad, and the U.S. is the only country within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development that taxes citizens wherever they reside.

In many cases, those choosing to give up their citizenship have limited connections to the U.S. and have lived outside of the country for most of their lives. Anyone born in the U.S. automatically receives citizenship, and people born abroad to U.S. parents are typically citizens as well.

Recommended: It’s getting more expensive to give up your US citizenship

For some the decision is easy, because they perceive little benefit from holding U.S. citizenship. For others, the choice is more complicated.

“The cost of compliance with the complex tax treatment of non-resident U.S. citizens and the potential penalties I face for incorrect filings and for holding non-U.S. securities forces me to consider whether it would be more advantageous to give up my U.S. citizenship,” Stephanos Orestis, a U.S. citizen living in Oslo, wrote in a March 23 letter to the Senate Finance Committee. “The thought of doing so is highly distressing for me since I am a born and bred American with a love for my country.”

London Mayor Boris Johnson, who had a tax dispute with the IRS, said earlier this year that he would give up the U.S. citizenship he received because he was born in New York. His name isn’t on the IRS list. Eduardo Saverin, a Brazilian-born co-founder of Facebook, gave up his U.S. citizenship in 2012.

U.S. citizens who live abroad can exclude as much as $100,800 in earned income and in many cases can receive tax credits for payments to foreign governments.

The U.S. has increased efforts to catch tax cheats after the Swiss bank UBS AG paid a $780 million penalty in 2009 and handed over data on about 4,700 accounts. That has led some banks to forgo doing business with people who have ties to the U.S.

One of the primary U.S. moves took effect last year as asset-disclosure rules under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act kicked in. The measure, known as Fatca, requires U.S. financial institutions to impose a 30 percent withholding tax on payments made to foreign banks that don’t agree to identify and provide information on U.S. account holders.

It allows the U.S. to scoop up data from more than 77,000 institutions and 80 governments about its citizens’ overseas financial activities.

In establishing the 2010 law, Congress and President Barack Obama in effect threatened to cut off banks and other companies from easy access to the U.S. market if they didn’t pass along such information. It was projected to generate $8.7 billion over 10 years, according to the congressional Joint Committee on Taxation.

© 2015, Bloomberg News

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J-p A Maldonado

Stand by for a tsunami of expats if another Marxist, Hillary, wins in 2016. Last American out, please turn out the lights!

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Ken Morris

So in your opinion this is a Marxist thing (and Hillary is a Marxist)? Hello? Can we say W?

I’m as pissed about this as you are, and yes the policy has continued and intensified under Obama, but I really don’t see how this is a leftist thing. It’s nationalism gone nuts, and that is frankly more often a failing of the right rather than the left.

W is the fellow who made it illegal for me, a US citizen, to open a bank account or get a driver’s license in the US. Yes, it is now illegal, since federal law requires proof of a US address for both. OK, a note from the director of a homeless shelter will suffice, and most people just lie about having a US address, but I actually haven’t yet stayed in a homeless shelter and lying is literally a federal offense. Yet, W decided not only to continue to tax me but also to force me to file additional tax forms and go through a silly “know your customer” charade at local banks.

I do see the point in going after tax cheaters who hide their money in offshore accounts, people who include the last Republican presidential nominee, Mitt Romney, but for God’s sakes these these policies are crazy.

Yeah, last American out turn out the lights. Alas, it won’t be me since I can’t afford the fee the US now extracts to relinquish citizenship. Yep, you can’t resign either without paying a blasted fee.

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Glen Roberts

There are no expts in Costa Rica you could discuss the topic with… but instead quote people from Oslo?

p.s. those statistics have only to do with when a name was published, not when someone actually renounced… I renounced in June 2013 and appeared on that last list in Feb 2015! So, more people are renouncing in 2015 OR they are clearing more of their backlog.

Let’s hear more about the topic from the Tico Times, not Bloomberg!

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