San José, Costa Rica, since 1956
U.S. Embassy

Costa Rica not alone as it waits for a new US ambassador

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Costa Rica has been without a U.S. ambassador for a year and a half, but it doesn’t look like Stafford Fitzgerald Haney – whom President Barack Obama nominated for the job back in July – will be relocating to San José anytime soon.

Haney isn’t alone. More than a quarter of the 169 countries where the United States has embassies, from Afghanistan to Malawi, are waiting for their designated ambassadors to arrive – a consequence not of federal budget cuts or foreign-policy debacles, but rather partisan feuding in Washington.

Of the 55 State Department nominees currently pending confirmation by the slow-moving Senate Foreign Relations Committee, 30 are career diplomats and 25 are political appointees such as Haney.

“The vast majority of these remaining nominees could be confirmed quickly en bloc,” State Department spokesman Jeff Rathke said at his agency’s Nov. 19 press briefing. “The Secretary [John F. Kerry] has always said there are great public servants up there in the Senate, and he knows that none of them want to see this gridlock continue at the expense of career Foreign Service professionals.”

S. Fitzgerald Haney, President Obama’s pick for the next U.S. ambassador to Costa Rica.

(Courtesy U.S. Embassy in San José)

According to Rathke, nominees on the floor have waited 258 days – eight and a half months – on average.

“It’s critical that we get these nominees confirmed before the Senate adjourns for the year to prevent further delay in meeting our foreign policy objectives,” he said. “We know that America is stronger if the backlog is cleared and our nominees are confirmed before Thanksgiving. The Secretary has made a personal plea to his former colleagues in the Senate, and we would ask again for their help.”

Deputy Chief of Mission Gonzalo Gallegos has been running the U.S. Embassy in San José ever since the June 2013 departure of Ambassador Anne Slaughter Andrew. That embassy – which Andrew headed for three and a half years – is the largest foreign mission in Costa Rica, a monstrosity compared to Costa Rica’s Embassy in Washington, which has exactly eight staffers including Ambassador Román Macaya.

“Mr. Haney will be very welcome in Costa Rica when he’s confirmed, and we hope that’s very soon,” Macaya told The Tico Times last Thursday. “He is one of many ambassadors that have not been able to go through the confirmation process.”

But Haney may find himself at the back of the line – even though the international businessman speaks fluent Spanish (not to mention Portuguese and Hebrew) and has extensive experience in marketing, financial services and manufacturing throughout Latin America.

“The Senate is trying to use the confirmation process to achieve other objectives,” said Lawrence Korb, a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress, as quoted by the center’s website, “They might not be happy with things that the president is doing with Obamacare, for example, or immigration, or not raising the defense budget. So this is one way in which they can express their displeasure.”

Haney, a black convert to Judaism, was born in Nashville, Tennessee, grew up in the Chicago area and has, among other things, a master’s in international business and diplomacy from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. He’s worked in Puerto Rico, Mexico, Brazil and Israel. Since 2007, Haney has been principal of New York-based Pzena Investment Management.

Haney has served on the council of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, and is an active member of Ayecha, a group that provides resources for Jews of color. He lives in Englewood, New Jersey, with his wife, Rabbi Andrea Haney.

Costa Rican Ambassador Román Macaya presents his credentials to U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House on Thursday, Sept. 18, 2014.

(Courtesy Casa Presidencial)

Costa Rica is among more than a dozen countries to which political appointees have been nominated for ambassadorships but not confirmed. These include Argentina, Finland, Hungary, India, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden.

Historically, presidents have kept political appointments to a maximum 30 percent of the total, reserving the remaining 70 percent of slots for career diplomats. But according to Bob Silverman, president of the American Foreign Service Association, Obama has exceeded that ratio, with political appointees accounting for 35.2 percent of all nominees.

So far in his second term, Obama has nominated 75 career diplomats and 53 political appointees to ambassadorships. That translates into 41 percent of the total, a ratio exceeded only by presidents Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan – and leading to complaints that Obama is rewarding political donors with plum ambassadorships rather than assigning career diplomats to these often-sensitive posts.

Yet Haney can hardly be considered a mega-donor in the traditional sense. Soap opera producer Colleen Bell, Obama’s pick for ambassador to Hungary, has raised $2.1 million for Obama and fellow Democrats, The New York Times recently reported. And political consultant Noah Mamet, who’s been nominated to be the next U.S. envoy to Argentina, raised $1.4 million.

By comparison, Haney has donated a paltry $84,303 to Obama and other Democratic candidates since 2008, while his wife gave $192,252 to the president’s 2008 and 2012 campaigns, and $4,506 directly to Obama. Neither could be reached for comment for this story.

Costa Rica’s Foreign Vice Minister Alejandro Solano, left, and U.S. Embassy chargé d’affaires Gonzalo Gallegos shake hands after a toast at the U.S. Embassy’s July 4 party at the Hotel Real InterContinental in Escazú.

Alberto Font/The Tico Times

Read S. Fitzgerald Haney’s July 29 testimony to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee here

“The slow crawl of Senate votes stems in part from acrimony over Republican objections to Obama’s nominations for all posts and the change of longstanding rules by Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nevada) to make it easier to pass some nominations,” according to a recent story in The Washington Post.

In protest, the newspaper reported, “Republicans are routinely refusing to give the unanimous consent required to proceed on quick confirmation votes. Without consent, it can take up to eight hours on the floor to confirm a single ambassador.”

Korb told that getting political appointments through the incoming Republican-majority Congress is going to be an uphill battle.

“Basically, [it seems] like they’re not concerned about diplomatic relations,” he said of current lawmakers, warning that countries without a resident U.S. ambassador might conclude that Washington just doesn’t care about them.

Yet Macaya said the Costa Rican government already has approved Haney, and he doesn’t expect the ambassador-designate to face any major issues.

“Like any host country, Costa Rica wants to have the U.S. ambassador there. The embassy obviously operates without an ambassador because they have a deputy chief of mission, so it’s somewhat symbolic,” he explained. “But when ambassadors are political appointees, they tend to be the president’s man or woman in that host country, so they’re usually very close to the president. That allows for very fluid communications.”

Macaya said he understands why Haney hasn’t been confirmed yet, but “that doesn’t mean we’re indifferent.”

“Costa Rica has historically had very close ties with the United States. It’s not because of any specific treaty or agreement,” he said. “It’s because we believe in the same things: a strong democracy, human rights, liberties and the pursuit of happiness.”

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Ken Morris

I have a favorable initial impression of Haney, and for that reason wouldn’t mind seeing him show up for work, but the fact that 55 embassies currently lack ambassadors raises the question of what these ambassadors do anyway.

Last I looked, the bloated US embassy in Costa Rica was purring along fine without an ambassador, and if memory serves all the recent ambassadors to Costa Rica did was waste money on ideological crusades that neither the US public not Ticos likely would have supported.

Given this, although if we have to have an ambassador Haney seems a good choice, I’d recommend questioning the value of these people and all the money the State Department wastes. I mean, really, when is the last you believed a State Department report about Costa Rica? When expats know more than the diplomats, it’s not clear that we need the diplomats.

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Mark Kahle

There are over 360 bills sitting on Harry Rieds desk…. over 60 were initiated by House Democrats and another 40 or so are co-sponsored on a bi-partisan basis. There goes that lie.

Why would anyone in their right mind do anything for a President that knows nothing until he reads it in a newspaper ? (Benghazi, IRS, VA, Fast and Furious and a host of others..) Why would anyone do anything for a President who lised to the American people as often as this one… I did not get to keep my policy, my doctor or my hospital… That is a fact…PERIOD.

We will be out of Afghanistan by the end of 2014…. just extended another year…another lie.

It would not be proper for a Republican President to lower taxes using the exact same reasoning Obama just used to give 5 million illegal aliens the right to stay and work in the US… another lie just over the weekend.. only HE can do that….ask him… Stephanopoulos did and that was the reply.

We need no more Obama Minions representing us…

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Donald Waltz

Robert Piazza, You really mean nothing on the Democrats agenda will get accomplished in the next two years. Republicans have been sending bills to Democrat Harry Reid for so long and he just refuses to allow them to go to a vote. This whole article is a liberal leaning ,Republican bashing tool. Why won’t Obama just do another Executive order putting these paid Diplomats into their jobs. Go back to smoking some nice weed and enjoy the ride.

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Donald Waltz, the GOP literally drove our nation off an economic cliff. All as they do is push big business objectives. Please cite me some bills that Harry Reid has refused to allow votes on. EVERYTHING that the GOP presents always has some type of privatization theme attached to it. In case you are not aware the GOP has packed Federal Courts, just as they have the Supreme Court with these far right wing ideologists. The State Department is just another entity that has been packed with right wing war mongerers who have pushed their ways on the world. Hence why the PLN has destroyed Costa Rica under the EXACT same initiatives of their GOP partners in government from the north. Hence why Costa Rica has the largest police force in all of Central America. Hence why we have pushed the false flag of a drug war for 40 years, with much of these efforts originating directly from the USA Embassy in places like Costa Rica and Colombia. Hence why Costa Rica is broke, just like the USA was broken. Hence why Costa Rica has exploded their incarceration numbers. The PLN and their leader Oscar Arias are a pawn of the GOP. And if you don’t understand the relationship between the likes of HW Bush and Oscar Arias you are certainly naive. Yes, on the face Arias and Bush appear to be polar opposites, as Bush is a war mongerer and Arias is the Peace President. It is a total political farce that has been to the detriment of all citizens of both countries, as well as many others throughout this world. By Obama appointing his people, he is countering these decades of political packing of organizations like the State Department. I vertainly trust the humanitarianism of Obama much more than I do of Bush or Arias who are also the leaders of their intelligence communities. Put that in your pipe and smoke it!

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Robert Piazza

It is sad what the US (my home country) has become. The political parties are so involved with infighting and power that they have forgotten about the people.
Sen. John McCain is a fine example. Once a respected Viet Nam hero lost his bid for presidency 6 years ago. His nomination of Sara Palin, a true nut case from my home State, truly indicated how badly his intelligence has deteriorated. Of course he represents a State that has nothing but contempt for those of Latin heritage.
Now the Republican Party has control of the Congress and for the next 2 years nothing meaningful will be achieved except those matters that satisfy the ultra-rich.
My hope is that Costa Rica will not fall into the same trap of political infighting and forget about their real people.

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