Costa Rica declares national emergency over drought in northwestern province of Guanacaste

October 1, 2014

Costa Rica’s northwestern province of Guanacaste has faced the worst drought in 50 years, the National Meteorological Institute (IMN) said. In response, President Luis Guillermo Solís on Tuesday declared a national emergency in the province and other cantons across the country.

National Emergency Commission (CNE) President Iván Barrantes announced a national Yellow Alert, which allows the president to order resources to affected areas and coordinate government response. The CNE president said that no set budget has been allotted for the government’s emergency response, and the dimensions of the effort would be determined by conditions in coming months.

Rainfall in Guanacaste was 60 percent below average in August, according to the IMN, the worst since 1950. The Agriculture and Livestock Ministry reported that the region’s cattle industry has been hit especially hard, with more than $16.8 million in estimated loses. The ministry estimated another $9.3 million in losses in agriculture in Guanacaste.

IMN Director Juan Carlos Fallas said that despite September rains, the institute expects 20 percent less rainfall in Guanacaste in October.

In addition to a lack of drinking water and damage to crops and livestock, officials said the drought portended forest fires in coming months as the dry season approaches in November. The National System of Conservation Areas has put a fire contingency plan into effect for Costa Rica’s protected areas. The lack of rainfall also is stressing the country’s hydroelectric dams, which account for 73 percent of Costa Rica’s electricity production, according to the Costa Rican Electricity Institute.

Costa Rican meteorologists have blamed an “El Niño” phenomenon for the drought, which has taken a toll on countries across Central America this rainy season. In Costa Rica, the phenomenon warms the waters of the Pacific Ocean, decreasing rainfall in the western and central parts of the country while causing torrential rains along the Caribbean coast. (Note: There seems to be some disagreement between Costa Rican meteorologists and their colleagues in the United States over when to officially declare an El Niño phenomenon. U.S. meteorologists have not yet declared El Niño to be in effect, and they put the chances that it will happen later this year between 60-65 percent. Read more here, herehere and here. )

The emergency decree also covers the cantons of Orotina, San Mateo and Atenas in Alajuela, and Aguirre, Garabito, Montes de Oro, Esparza and the Central Canton of Puntarenas.

“[El Niño has] a progressive effect on these regions, and according to the National Meteorological Institute it could extend through next May,” Barrantes said.

You may be interested

Our High Season Print Edition is here! Here’s where to find it
The Tico Times
330 views
The Tico Times
330 views

Our High Season Print Edition is here! Here’s where to find it

Katherine Stanley - December 11, 2017

In the weeks since the relaunch of The Tico Times on Sept. 1, we’ve been hard at work to reconnect…

Bright Lights Boat Parade inaugurates holiday season in Quepos
Events
408 views
Events
408 views

Bright Lights Boat Parade inaugurates holiday season in Quepos

Elizabeth Lang - December 11, 2017

The Bright Lights Boat Parade marked the official kickoff of the holiday season in the Central Pacific town of Quepos…

Strong winds cause three deaths in Costa Rica, one in El Salvador
Weather
2868 views
Weather
2868 views

Strong winds cause three deaths in Costa Rica, one in El Salvador

AFP - December 10, 2017

Three people have died in Costa Rica, includiing two Swiss tourists, and one in El Salvador as a result of…