San José, Costa Rica, since 1956
Economy

Moody's downgrades Costa Rica's credit rating

The ratings agency Moody Investors Services downgraded Costa Rica’s government bond rating to Ba1 from Baa3 with a stable outlook Tuesday. The decision came weeks after President Luis Guillermo Solís presented his government’s budget for 2015 without any substantial proposals to curb the country’s growing deficit.

Moody’s cited “institutional weakness” and the expectation of continued inaction and growing deficits in the coming years in its explanation why it knocked down Costa Rica’s rating after four years. The agency said that Costa Rica’s inability to reduce its national debt despite several attempts at fiscal reform and the Solís administration’s announcement that it would gradually introduce fiscal consolidation were among the observer’s top concerns.

Costa Rica’s fiscal debt has averaged 4.5 percent of gross domestic product since 2009, according to Moody’s. Vice President and Finance Minister Helio Fallas said the government deficit could grow to a projected 6.7 percent of GDP in 2015 – which would be the highest on record – during a budget presentation on Sept. 1.

The ratings agency said that the outlook for the country was stable after the downgrade, and it did not expect further rating changes in the next 12 to 18 months.

Fitch Ratings and other agencies also issued warnings about the direction of the country’s financial well-being.

“The punishment will be seen in higher borrowing costs for the public and private sectors. Getting financing from abroad is going to be more expensive for the government as well as businesses and Costa Rican families because of the loss in confidence in the future ability to pay,” said Luis Mesalles, a Union of Private-Sector Chambers and Associations board member.

Lenders may demand higher interest rates on the $1 billion in Eurobonds mentioned in the 2015 budget. Interest rates already went up during the most recent issue of $1 billion in Costa Rican sovereign debt in April. The government was forced to pay 7 percent interest on the 30-year bonds compared to 5.63 percent on $500 million in Eurobonds auctioned in April 2013.

The Costa Rican Banking Association (ABC) expressed its concern over the rating change, saying action was “urgent” in a statement Tuesday. ABC agreed that the rating change would affect borrowing rates.

Fallas defended the administration’s actions to date, saying the proposed budget assumed there would be no control measures in the coming year. The vice president said there is wide support for a transition to a value-added tax, and he mentioned reforms to the income tax and others in the coming months. The Solís administration took office in May.

“The steps that we’ve been taking are in the right direction, as expressed by the international organizations with whom we met in Washington, but at the same time the ratings agency decided that despite the path this government has begun, at this time they don’t have faith in the efforts of the Legislative Assembly during the last several years,” Fallas said.

Moody’s said structural adjustments to the budget, including increased tax revenues, spending cuts or a combination of both could improve the country’s rating if they were able to get the deficit back in control. While the agency said that the outlook was stable, further inaction could risk additional downgrades in the future.

Fallas said that he hoped the downgrade would serve as a floor for debate and motivate lawmakers to cooperate whenever a fiscal reform package finally reaches the legislature.

Contact Zach Dyer at zdyer@ticotimes.net

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Don Blake

This constant cycle of borrowing from anyone who will lend money,, rather than generating revenues through real job creation has to stop…..now they are talking about introducing VAT….’Value Added Tax’….value for what???…..everything is already taxed to a ridiculous level……..they really don’t have a clue what they are doing, and that is the really worrying issue…nothing improves, it just gets worse for everyone, unless you work for the government or the public sector of course!

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Mark Kahle

And the cycle continues…the public sector employees will strike next year for higher wages and cost the nation even more erosion financially. Everyone forgets that the moneys and benefits paid to public employees is NOT government money..the government has no money. 100% of the funds come from the pockets of the private sector employees and businesses.

Public employees cause NO money to be earned and they create no new funding mechanisms to bring money to the nation. They are a huge cost..they pay no taxes, purchase no cars, buy no houses, pay no rent… this is accomplished with the money taken from the private sector and handed to them.

Yet these same people feel they have every right to forever demand more at times stopping medical care, transportation, imports and exports while doing horrendous damage to those that actually foot the bill for their excessive demands… the private sector and the poor.

Someone needs to remember just who actually pays ALL the bills of this nation and just who the true leaches are.

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