Ruling party loses again as Juan Carlos Varela wins Panama presidency

May 4, 2014
1 Comments

PANAMA CITY — Conservative Juan Carlos Varela, the vice president who broke politically with President Ricardo Martinelli, was officially declared Panama’s next president Sunday, much to Martinelli’s dismay.

Varela, who was trailed by fellow conservative and Martinelli loyalist José Domingo Arias, was informed of his win by the electoral court after more than 60 percent of ballots were tallied.

Since the United States overthrew dictator Manuel Noriega in 1989, the incumbent’s party has never won re-election.

“I thank you, and the beautiful people of Panama,” electoral court chief Erasmo Pinilla quoted Varela as saying.

The 50-year-old rum manufacturer, known as a fervent Roman Catholic and member of the conservative church group Opus Dei, had a falling-out with Martinelli after the president dismissed Varela from his foreign minister post in 2011.

The move opened a political wound that has yet to heal. But now Varela can savor his political revenge from the presidential mansion.

In brief declarations following Varela’s victory, Martinelli said, “I know the candidate (Varela), and truly “‘God have mercy us.'” The president said he couldn’t congratulate Varela because he no longer has his phone number.

Martinelli, a supermarket magnate, had been an outspoken supporter of Arias, a former housing minister and a businessman who made his fortune manufacturing ladies’ undergarments.

Representing the Democratic Change party, Arias’s running mate was Marta Linares — Martinelli’s wife.

Juan Carlos Navarro, the 52-year-old former mayor of Panama City who represented the center-left Democratic Revolutionary party, acknowledged defeat.

The race was expected to be among Panama’s tightest. Yet Varela had been running third in polls and scored at least a touch of an upset.

In addition to picking a new president, the country’s 2.5 million eligible voters were electing dozens of mayors and members of Congress.

Staying the course

Lawyer and political analyst Ebrahim Asvat said that whatever the outcome of the vote, the country’s course for the next quarter century already has been mapped out.

Panama will continue to focus, he said, on free market policies that maximize economic expansion — the path forged by Martinelli, who is leaving office with a 67 percent approval rating.

“Panama has made an extraordinary effort to open up its economy, exercise fiscal discipline and none of the candidates is going to veer from that path,” Asvat said.

The country enjoyed blistering growth of 8.5 percent last year, but economic inequality remains a major concern, with about 26 percent of citizens living in poverty.

Panama long has traded on its canal, shipping and trade, but increasingly is turning to unconventional exports such as mining, plus tourism and other service industries, such as catering to expat retirees.

Uneven patterns of economic distribution have only been reinforced during the current boom, and that is unlikely to change.

“Economic growth has benefitted a small elite,” said Jaime Purcell, a political analyst focusing on Panama’s electoral process.

“Regardless of who wins, there is not going to be major (policy) change.”

Not everyone is thrilled with the status quo, however.

“Whoever wins, I still have to go to work on Monday,” shrugged Manuel Domínguez, a sidewalk merchant who makes his living selling batteries and TV remotes in the heart of Panama City.

Domínguez grumbled about rising prices, even though inflation in Panama is a relatively modest four percent.

“Everything is super-expensive,” he said, adding that his vote was for Varela, who has vowed to curb inflation by imposing price controls, a policy more commonly associated with the left.

Facebook Comments

You may be interested

This week in the Peace Corps: Mural project opens doors to the explore the world
Changemakers
2437 views
Changemakers
2437 views

This week in the Peace Corps: Mural project opens doors to the explore the world

Taylor T. / Peace Corps Volunteer - February 23, 2019

Educational institutions play an important role in every community by providing a positive learning environment for students and teaching them…

Why Now: Oscar Arias accusers explain why they waited to come forward       
#MeToo
582 views
#MeToo
582 views

Why Now: Oscar Arias accusers explain why they waited to come forward       

Caeli Chesin - February 23, 2019

Óscar Arias Sánchez, 78, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and two-term Costa Rican president, has been accused of sexual assault…

Jacks or better to open
Fishing
512 views
Fishing
512 views

Jacks or better to open

Todd Staley - February 23, 2019

For the better part of the year, the rivers running into the Caribbean side of Costa Rica look like coffee…