Costa Rican lawmakers pass new organ donor bill in first-round vote

March 4, 2014

The Legislative Assembly on Monday unanimously approved in a first-round debate the Donation and Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Bill, which would regulate all activity related to the collection and use of organs in Costa Rica, including donation, extraction, preparation, transportation, distribution and transplantation.

Social Christian Unity Party lawmaker Gloria Bejarano highlighted the new legislation’s provisions to discourage organ trafficking, as the bill would prohibit any form of remuneration for a human body part.

The country’s Penal Code already provides prison sentences of up to 16 years for convicted organ traffickers, but a reform submitted by Broad Front Party lawmaker and former presidential candidate José María Villalta includes punishment for those found guilty of promoting or inducing people to donate their organs. Those who advertise organ donation also could face prison.

In recent years, local and international media outlets have reported on people who offer to sell their organs in newspaper classified sections at prices of up to several millions of colones.

Last October, police arrested several suspected organ traffickers, including three doctors. Also in 2013, the Mexican daily El Universal published a story claiming Costa Rica had become a top destination for individuals in need of an organ transplant.

New regulations also would include expedited protocols to prevent potential organs from being unusable due to excessive bureaucracy. And the bill would create a national registry of both donors and recipients, and set specific procedures for organ transportation.

The bill was voted on after its approval by the legislative Social Affairs Commission.

A second and final round of debate could take place on Thursday.

You may be interested

Costa Rica’s snakebite research pioneers save lives worldwide
Changemakers
101 views
Changemakers
101 views

Costa Rica’s snakebite research pioneers save lives worldwide

Mitzi Stark - May 23, 2018

The Clodomiro Picado Institute is spread along the main road of Dulce Nombre de Coronado, northeast of San José. Its…

Adaptive surfing, part II: The story of Dean Bushby
sports
210 views
sports
210 views

Adaptive surfing, part II: The story of Dean Bushby

Ellen Zoe Golden - May 22, 2018

A three-part look at adaptive surfing in Costa Rica. Read Part I here to learn how a Central Pacific coach is…

Costa Rica launches Pride Connection network
Human rights
267 views
Human rights
267 views

Costa Rica launches Pride Connection network

Elizabeth Lang - May 22, 2018

As Costa Rica continues to grapple with the disagreements about marriage equality and gender identity that dominated the second round…