San José, Costa Rica, since 1956

Fighting poverty with 90 million California red worms

GUATEMALA CITY – When María Rodríguez first heard about the potential of using worms to eradicate poverty, she was convinced as to where her future lay.

“It was love at first heard,” the young Guatemalan woman says. “I was fascinated by the idea that worms eat waste and add so many nutrients through the digestion process. But since they’re on the ground, we don’t see them, and we don’t appreciate them.”

In 2007, having just graduated with a business degree in Guatemala City, Rodríguez founded ByoEarth, a company that uses vermicomposting to promote health and development in rural and urban Guatemala. Through vermicomposting – using worms to break down degradable food into a nutrient-rich fertilizer – ByoEarth has been able to produce and sell high-quality compost and educate rural communities, as well as residents of Central America’s largest garbage dump, about the benefits of worms.

“It’s very important because with vermicomposting you transform degradable waste that otherwise goes to landfills and produces methane and attracts rodents. People who work in dumps are very affected by the contamination that degradable waste causes when it should be separated and transformed into compost or vermicompost, which is organic fertilizer,” Rodríguez says.

While ByoEarth’s core purpose is to convert waste into a natural fertilizer, the company’s social mission focuses on enabling poor families to make a small income by creating and selling their own vermicompost.

“We partnered with a nonprofit group and established a program to train women in vermicomposting, with the main objective of improving their livelihoods by first improving the waste management inside their houses. We’re also teaching them how as women living in impoverished areas with almost no education, those reasons are not excuses not to live in better circumstances. It’s very interesting how they can learn and appreciate that. They get empowered because they know that even in their condition they can be agents of change in their communities and make something good for the environment,” Rodríguez adds.

ByoEarth bag

Through vermicomposting, ByoEarth produces and sells high-quality compost to rural and urban communities in Guatemala. Courtesy of María Rodríguez

A self-confessed “serial entrepreneur,” the 26-year-old has garnered international attention for her work with ByoEarth. She recently appeared in Forbes magazine in an article about women entrepreneurs and is regularly invited to speak at conferences around the world.

“It’s not common for a girl to be working in a male-dominated agricultural industry in Guatemala, but that’s why it’s interesting,” she says.

“I’m very cautious as to how I do business with the agricultural sector. Maybe the sales in the rural area haven’t grown a lot because I haven’t been able to talk directly to farmers and be respected the same, but I don’t think that as a woman you can’t do business here.”

With a production plant that contains an estimated population of more than 90 million Californian red worms, ByoEarth plans to expand into Central America over the coming year and start exporting worms to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and El Salvador.

Rodríguez describes them as “pretty” and “delicate,” in stark contrast to how the majority of people view the slimy creatures.

“I think of them as pets and we talk about animal husbandry; the same way you take care of a dog you take care of the worms, as they’ve been domesticated. These worms won’t survive by themselves, they need you to take care of them, feed them, clean them and give them water. If you see a worm anywhere you’d rescue it and put it on soil because you know the work she’s doing.”

Determined to bring the concept of “guerrilla gardening” to Guatemala, ByoEarth recently launched several products such as “Worm Tea” and “Seed Bombs,” aimed at improving the quality of people’s soil. Not to be mistaken for the human beverage, Worm Tea is a premium organic fertilizer that can be mixed with water and given to plants as a nutritious drink; Seed Bombs allow people to grab a capsule consisting of seeds, fertilizer and soil and grow their own food. ByoEarth hopes the latter will contribute to food security, enabling more people to cultivate despite a lack of resources.

While Rodríguez acknowledges that it may be difficult for some of Guatemala’s farmers to accept an organic fertilizer, she’s confident about the business’ future and is eager to show Central America that a handful of worms can make a difference.

ByoEarth plants

ByoEarth hopes its “Seed Bombs” will allow more people to grow their own food and contribute to food security in rural Guatemala. Courtesy of María Rodríguez

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