Tico Towns’ Murder Rates Spike

January 30, 2009

If downtown Limón, on the Caribbean, or Tibás, on the north side of San José, were major U.S. cities, their murder rates would rank right up there with the notoriously crime-ridden Detroit, Baltimore and Newark.

The Limón canton counted 48 homicides in 2008, jumping 33 percent from the 36 in 2007, giving it a rate of 45.8 murders per 100,000 inhabitants. The canton of Tibás, home to León XIII, one of the country’s most dangerous neighborhoods, hit a rate of 39.2.

Downtown San José wasn’t far behind, reaching a rate of 28 per 100,000.

All three numbers are considerably higher than the national homicide rate of 9.6, or even those of the greater Limón and San José provinces at 17.5 and 13.5, respectively.

Both Central Valley cantons saw the number of homicides increase significantly over 2007, too: Tibás’ doubled from 12 to 25, and San José’s shot up 52 percent, from 63 to 96, according to numbers released by the Judicial Investigation Police (OIJ) on Thursday.

Homicides nationwide increased 25 percent, from 349 in 2007 to 435 in 2008. The national homicide rate in 2007 was just under 8 per 100,000 people.

Homicides in Alajuela and Puntarenas provinces each went up 27 percent. The number of murders in the provinces of Guanacaste rose from 16 to 24, in Cartago from 7 to 14, and in Heredia from 18 to 20.

Murder numbers in the Limón province, on the other hand, increased just 12 percent on the year, from 67 to 75.

These rates in Costa Rica are low compared to other countries in the region, such as El Salvador and Honduras, which usually record more than 50 murders per 100,000 citizens. Central America typically has one of the highest regional homicide rates in the world.

The U.S. national murder rate was 5.6 in 2007, the most recent year for which statistics are available, according to the U.S. Department of Justice. That number saw no statistically significant change from 2006. In 1993, the homicide rate in the U.S. was 9.5, the highest of the last 20 years.

Detroit saw the number of murders plummet from 182 in the first six months of 2007 to 136 in the same period in 2008.

 

You may be interested

Victorious Champions coach celebrates Costa Rica-style: ‘This is pura vida’
Keylor Navas
97 views
Keylor Navas
97 views

Victorious Champions coach celebrates Costa Rica-style: ‘This is pura vida’

Katherine Stanley - May 27, 2018

Costa Rican superstar goalie Keylor Navas has made his mark on the field for Real Madrid, but also on the…

5 questions for Costa Rican artist Rossella Matamoros
Weekend Arts Spotlight
86 views
Weekend Arts Spotlight
86 views

5 questions for Costa Rican artist Rossella Matamoros

Elizabeth Lang - May 27, 2018

Using art in all its possible expressions has motivated Rossella Matamoros for more than two decades. At home in Costa Rica…

Costa Rica’s Keylor Navas, Real Madrid nab third consecutive Champions title
Keylor Navas
180 views
Keylor Navas
180 views

Costa Rica’s Keylor Navas, Real Madrid nab third consecutive Champions title

Katherine Stanley - May 26, 2018

Costa Rica's star goalie, Keylor Navas, continued his historic march through world football as his club team, Real Madrid, won…